Tense

Released on 19/02/2019

Key Learning Points

  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • Pulmonary vasodilator testing
  • Right heart catheterization
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • The abdominojugular reflux
  • The fourth heart sound

References

1. Hajj-ali, R. (2013, June). Systemic Sclerosis. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal-and-connective-tissue-disorders/autoimmune-rheumatic-disorders/systemic-sclerosis
2. Gabrielli, A., Avvedimento, E., & Krieg, T. (2009). Scleroderma. New England Journal of Medicine, (360), 1989-2003. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra0806188
3. Bull, T. (2015). Physical Examination in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Advances in Pulmonary Hypertension Journal, 4(3). Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.phaonlineuniv.org/Journal/Article.cfm?ItemNumber=643
4. Bickley, L., & Szilagyi, P. (2012). The Cardiovascular System, Table 9-6. BATE'S Clinical Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking (11th ed.) (p. 396). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
5. Jeff Wiese, MD. The Abdominojugular Reflux Sign, July 2000 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE Volume 109. [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: http://docronny.com/2.pdf
6. CASTRO SV, JIMENEZ SA. Biomarkers in systemic sclerosis Biomark Med [online] 2010 Feb, 4(1):133-147 [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3049114
7. Martin Pablo Grecco, Miguel Pieroni, Marcela Otero, Jorge Luis Ferreiro, Marı´a de Lourdes Figuerola. Sporadic hemiplegic migraine and CREST syndrome. J Headache Pain (2010) 11:171-173 DOI 10.1007/s10194-010-0188-1 [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3452292/pdf/10194_2010_Article_188.pdf
8. Özlem Tarçın et al. CREST SYNDROME AND RENAL INVOLVEMENT. Marmara Medical Journal 2007;20(3);186-189 [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: http://www.marmaramedicaljournal.org/pdf/pdf_MMJ_435.pdf
9. ATS Statement: Guidelines for the Six-Minute Walk Test THIS OFFICIAL STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY WAS APPROVED BY THE ATS BOARD OF DIRECTORS MARCH 2002, American Thoracic Society Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 166. pp 111-117, 2002 DOI: 10.1164/rccm.166/1/111 Internet address: www.atsjournals.org [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: https://www.thoracic.org/statements/resources/pfet/sixminute.pdf
10. Farber, H., & Loscalzo, J. (2004). Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. New England Journal of Medicine, (351), 1655-1665. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra035488
11. Chaisson, N., & Hassoun, P. (2013). Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. American College of Chest Physicians, 144(4), 1346-1356. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3787920/
12. Waxman, A., & Loscalzo, J. (2015). Pulmonary Hypertension. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine (19th ed., Vol. 2) (pp. 1655-1660). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
13. Shea, M. (n.d.). Cardiac Catheterization. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/cardiovascular-tests-and-procedures/cardiac-catheterization
14. Kelly, C., & Rabbani, L. (2013). Pulmonary-Artery Catheterization [Video file]. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMvcm1212416?af=R&rss=currentIssue
15. Simonneau G., Gatzoulis M., Adatia I., Celermajer D., MD, PhD§; Denton C., Ghofrani A., Gomez, Krishna R., Landzberg M., Machado R., Olschewski H., Robbins I., & Souza R. (2013). Updated Clinical Classification of Pulmonary Hypertension. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 62(25). Retrieved January 30, 2016, from https://content.onlinejacc.org/article.aspx?articleid=1790599