Released on 09/06/2016

Key Learning Points

  • Empirical antibiotic treatment for suspected meningococcal disease
  • Levetiracetam
  • Lorazepam
  • Meningitis - Causes
  • Meningococcal meningitis
  • Meningococcal septicemia
  • Phenytoin
  • Postictal state
  • Treatment of acute seizures


1. HOFFMAN O., WEBER J. R.. Review: Pathophysiology and treatment of bacterial meningitis. Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders [online] December, 2(6):401-412 [viewed 06 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1177/1756285609337975
2. TACON CATHERINE L., FLOWER OLIVER. Diagnosis and Management of Bacterial Meningitis in the Paediatric Population: A Review. Emergency Medicine International [online] 2012 December, 2012:1-8 [viewed 06 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1155/2012/320309
3. BRANCO RICARDO G., TASKER ROBERT C.. Meningococcal Meningitis. Curr Treat Options Neurol [online] December, 12(5):464-474 [viewed 06 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1007/s11940-010-0086-5
4. RIVIELLO JAMES J., CLAASSEN JAN, LAROCHE SUZETTE M., SPERLING MICHAEL R., ALLDREDGE BRIAN, BLECK THOMAS P., GLAUSER TRACY, SHUTTER LORI, TREIMAN DAVID M., VESPA PAUL M., BELL RODNEY, BROPHY GRETCHEN M.. Treatment of Status Epilepticus: An International Survey of Experts. Neurocrit Care [online] December, 18(2):193-200 [viewed 06 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1007/s12028-012-9790-1
5. MARIK PE, VARON J. The management of status epilepticus. Chest [online] 2004 Aug, 126(2):582-91 [viewed 06 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1378/chest.126.2.582