Released on 25/12/2016

Key Learning Points

  • DMPA
  • Endometrial ablation
  • Etonogestrel Implant
  • LEEP Procedure
  • Non-surgical management of abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Pap screening after hysterectomy
  • Progestogen IUD


1. GEMZELL-DANIELSSON KRISTINA, INKI PIRJO, HEIKINHEIMO OSKARI. Safety and efficacy of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system: recent insights. Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology [online] December, 8(3):235-247 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: doi:10.1586/eog.13.18
2. HEINEMANN K, REED S, MOEHNER S, MINH TD. Comparative contraceptive effectiveness of levonorgestrel-releasing and copper intrauterine devices: the European Active Surveillance Study for Intrauterine Devices. Contraception [online] 2015 Apr, 91(4):280-3 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25601350
3. MATTESON KA, RAHN DD, WHEELER TL II, CASIANO E, SIDDIQUI NY, HARVEY HS, MAMIK MM, BALK EM, SUNG VW. NON-SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF HEAVY MENSTRUAL BLEEDING: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND PRACTICE GUIDELINES Obstet Gynecol [online] 2013 Mar, 121(3):632-643 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4414119
4. FRASER IS, PARKED S, MELLINGER U, MACHLITT A, SERRANI M, JENSEN J. Effective treatment of heavy and/or prolonged menstrual bleeding without organic cause: pooled analysis of two multinational, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of oestradiol valerate and dienogest Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care [online] 2011 Jul 20, 16(4):258-269 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3154543
5. MADDOX DD, RAHMAN Z. Etonogestrel (Implanon), Another Treatment Option for Contraception P T [online] 2008 Jun, 33(6):337-347 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2683610
6. SANKARANARAYANAN R. 'See-and-treat' works for cervical cancer prevention: What about controlling the high burden in India? Indian J Med Res [online] 2012 May, 135(5):576-579 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3401687
7. SANTESSO N, MUSTAFA RA, SCHüNEMANN HJ, ARBYN M, BLUMENTHAL PD, CAIN J, CHIRENJE M, DENNY L, DE VUYST H, ECKERT LO, FORHAN SE, FRANCO EL, GAGE JC, GARCIA F, HERRERO R, JERONIMO J, LU ER, LUCIANI S, QUEK SC, SANKARANARAYANAN R, TSU V, BROUTET N, GUIDELINE SUPPORT GROUP. World Health Organization Guidelines for treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2-3 and screen-and-treat strategies to prevent cervical cancer. Int J Gynaecol Obstet [online] 2016 Mar, 132(3):252-8 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26868062
8. COOPER KG, BAIN C, LAWRIE L, PARKIN DE. A randomised comparison of microwave endometrial ablation with transcervical resection of the endometrium; follow up at a minimum of five years. BJOG [online] 2005 Apr, 112(4):470-5 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15777447
9. MUNRO MG, THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA PERMANENTE MEDICAL GROUP'S ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING WORKING GROUP. Acute Uterine Bleeding Unrelated to Pregnancy: A Southern California Permanente Medical Group Practice Guideline Perm J [online] 2013 Summer, 17(3):43-56 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3783080
10. SWEET MG, SCHMIDT-DALTON TA, WEISS PM, MADSEN KP. Evaluation and management of abnormal uterine bleeding in premenopausal women. Am Fam Physician [online] 2012 Jan 1, 85(1):35-43 [viewed 13 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22230306
11. KAILASAM C, CAHILL D. Review of the safety, efficacy and patient acceptability of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system Patient Prefer Adherence [online] 2008 Feb 2:293-302 [viewed 16 July 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2770406
12. Editor DBL McCleland, Handbook of Transfusion Medicine [online 13 July 2016] pp.21-32. Retrieved from: http://www.optimalblooduse.eu/sites/optimalblooduse.eu/files/57_UK%20TRANSFUSION%20HANDBOOK.pdf
13. Saxena R. Evidence Based Color Atlas of Obstetrics & Gynecology: Diagnosis and Management (2013).[online 13 July 2016] pp.445. Retrieved from: https://books.google.com.au/books?id=65-SDCsyyFcC&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Evidence+Based+Color+Atlas+of+Obstetrics+%26+Gynecologic:+Diagnosis+and+Management+By+Richa+Saxena&source=bl&ots=8JTRVApmpP&sig=XlRamNkHHJbMf8HaCBYfgO1PoLQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGh4PT3-_NAhUBNJQKHYWaDmQQ6AEIIDAB#v=onepage&q=Evidence%20Based%20Color%20Atlas%20of%20Obstetrics%20%26%20Gynecologic%3A%20Diagnosis%20and%20Management%20By%20Richa%20Saxena&f=false
14. Padubidri, V. G., and Shirish N. Daftary. Shaw's Textbook of gynecology. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014.[online 13 July 2016] pp.276-277. Retrieved from:https://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en&lr=&id=hDITBwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=SHAW%27S+TEXTBOOK+GYNAECOLOGY&ots=K5qbOkzREN&sig=KViy5XM-en1wuuSpBv7xFwhDgSw#v=onepage&q=SHAW%27S%20TEXTBOOK%20GYNAECOLOGY&f=false
15. Edmonds, Keith, ed. Dewhurst's textbook of obstetrics and gynaecology. John Wiley & Sons, 2011. [online 13 July 2016] pp.505-508. Retrieved from: https://books.google.com.au/books?id=HfakBRceodcC&pg=PA507&lpg=PA507&dq=free+text+book+progestogen+iud&source=bl&ots=wQND-8P3-8&sig=nqLM_LbMqu-O8pP8xGw9ysPlp58&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjejZWymO7NAhXTNpQKHdPXDiAQ6AEIOTAG#v=onepage&q=free%20text%20book%20progestogen%20iud&f=false