Released on 8/11/2015

Key Learning Points

  • Acclimatization to High Altitudes
  • Acetazolamide
  • Acute Mountain Sickness
  • Analgesics and Acute Mountain Sickness
  • Dexamethasone
  • High Altitude Pulmonary Edema
  • Hydration
  • Nifedipine
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
  • X ray changes in high-altitude pulmonary edema


1. TAYLOR AT. High-Altitude Illnesses: Physiology, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Treatment Rambam Maimonides Med J [online] 1/01/01 00:00, 2(1):e0022 [viewed 05 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.5041/RMMJ.10022
2. SHAH NM, HUSSAIN S, COOKE M, O'HARA JP, MELLOR A. Wilderness medicine at high altitude: recent developments in the field Open Access J Sports Med [online] 1/01/01 00:00:319-328 [viewed 05 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.2147/OAJSM.S89856
3. LUKS AM, MCINTOSH SE, GRISSOM CK, AUERBACH PS, RODWAY GW, SCHOENE RB, ZAFREN K, HACKETT PH, WILDERNESS MEDICAL SOCIETY. Wilderness Medical Society consensus guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute altitude illness. Wilderness Environ Med [online] 2010 Jun, 21(2):146-55 [viewed 05 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.wem.2010.03.002
4. SHRESTHA P, PUN M, BASNYAT B. High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) in a Himalayan trekker: a case report Extrem Physiol Med [online] 1/01/01 00:00:6 [viewed 05 November 2015] Available from: doi:10.1186/2046-7648-3-6
5. BHAGI S, SRIVASTAVA S, SINGH SB. High-altitude pulmonary edema: review. J Occup Health [online] 2014, 56(4):235-43 [viewed 05 November 2015] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24872194