Infected

Released on 20/10/2014

Key Learning Points

  • Acyclovir in Pregnancy
  • Acyclovir supplementation in patients on dialysis
  • Management of Varicella in otherwise healthy children
  • Management of of Localized Herpes Zoster
  • Management of pregnant women with an unknown immune status

References

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Mayo Clin Proc [online] 2009 Mar, 84(3):274-80 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/S0025-6196(11)61146-4 Gnann Jr. JW. Antiviral therapy of varicella-zoster virus infections. In: Arvin A, Campadelli-Fiume G, Mocarski E, et al., editors. Human Herpesviruses: Biology, Therapy, and Immunoprophylaxis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2007. Chapter 65. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK47401/ TYRING STEPHEN K., BAKER DAVID, SNOWDEN WENDY. Valacyclovir for Herpes Simplex Virus Infection: Long‐Term Safety and Sustained Efficacy after 20 Years' Experience with Acyclovir. J INFECT DIS [online] 2002 October, 186(s1):S40-S46 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1086/342966 CDC. chapter-3-infectious diseases related to travel. varicella-chickenpox. Available from: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2014/chapter-3-infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/varicella-chickenpox CDC. Prevention of varicella: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR 2007;56(No. RR-4) AHMED AM, BRANTLEY JS, MADKAN V, MENDOZA N, TYRING SK. Managing herpes zoster in immunocompromised patients. Herpes [online] 2007 Sep, 14(2):32-6 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17939900 Royal College of Physicians: A national guideline. Varicella Zoster virus. Occupational aspects of management. 2010 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: https://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/sites/default/files/varicella-zoster-guidelines-web-navigable.pdf DWORKIN R. H., JOHNSON R. W., BREUER J., GNANN J. W., LEVIN M. J., BACKONJA M., BETTS R. F., GERSHON A. A., HAANPAA M. L., MCKENDRICK M. W., NURMIKKO T. J., OAKLANDER A. L., OXMAN M. N., LANGSTON D. P., PETERSEN K. L., ROWBOTHAM M. C., SCHMADER K. E., STACEY B. R., TYRING S. K., WIJCK A. J. M. V., WALLACE M. S., WASSILEW S. W., WHITLEY R. J.. Recommendations for the Management of Herpes Zoster. Clinical Infectious Diseases [online] 2007 January, 44(Supplement 1):S1-S26 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1086/510206 GARDELLA C, BROWN ZA. Managing Varicella Zoster infection in pregnancy. Cleve Clin J Med [online] 2007 Apr, 74(4):290-6 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17438678 SHRIM A, KOREN G, YUDIN MH, FARINE D, MATERNAL FETAL MEDICINE COMMITTEE. Management of varicella infection (chickenpox) in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol Can [online] 2012 Mar, 34(3):287-92 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22385673 RATANAJAMIT C, VINTHER SKRIVER M, JEPSEN P, CHONGSUVIVATWONG V, OLSEN J, SøRENSEN HT. Adverse pregnancy outcome in women exposed to acyclovir during pregnancy: a population-based observational study. Scand J Infect Dis [online] 2003, 35(4):255-9 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12839155 ONUIGBO MA, NYE D, ILOANYA PC. Drug-induced encephalopathy secondary to non renal dosing of common medications in Two dialysis patients. Adv Perit Dial [online] 2009:89-91 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19886325 WU MY, HSU YH, SU CL, LIN YF, LIN HW. Risk of herpes zoster in CKD: a matched-cohort study based on administrative data. Am J Kidney Dis [online] 2012 Oct, 60(4):548-52 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.03.018 HOENICH N. A., LEVIN N. W.. Reply. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation [online] December, 18(12):2679-2680 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1093/ndt/gfg425 SCHRöR K. Aspirin and Reye syndrome: a review of the evidence. Paediatr Drugs [online] 2007, 9(3):195-204 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17523700 SAUERBREI A, WUTZLER P. Neonatal varicella. J Perinatol [online] 2001 Dec, 21(8):545-9 [viewed 22 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7210599 SARTORI AM. A review of the varicella vaccine in immunocompromised individuals. Int J Infect Dis [online] 2004 Sep, 8(5):259-70 [viewed 23 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2003.09.006 VINZIO S, LIOURE B, GOICHOT B. Varicella in immunocompromised patients. Lancet [online] 2006 Dec 23, 368(9554):2208 [viewed 23 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69888-7 WILSON E, GOSS MA, MARIN M, SHIELDS KE, SEWARD JF, RASMUSSEN SA, SHARRAR RG. Varicella vaccine exposure during pregnancy: data from 10 Years of the pregnancy registry. J Infect Dis [online] 2008 Mar 1:S178-84 [viewed 23 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1086/522136 GLASGOW JF. Reye's syndrome: the case for a causal link with aspirin. Drug Saf [online] 2006, 29(12):1111-21 [viewed 23 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17147458 GLASGOW J, MIDDLETON B. Reye syndrome--insights on causation and prognosis Arch Dis Child [online] 2001 Nov, 85(5):351-353 [viewed 23 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1136/adc.85.5.351