Internal

Released on 17/12/2018

Key Learning Points

  • Lupus Nephritis (LN)
  • Lupus Nephritis: classification
  • Lupus Nephritis: diagnosis
  • Lupus Nephritis: treatment
  • Nephritic syndrome
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Nephrotic syndrome: management
  • Raynaud phenomenon
  • SLE: diagnosis
  • SLE: immunological studies
  • SLE: thromboprophylaxis of patients who are APL positive 
  • SLE: treatment
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

References

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2. KODNER C. Nephrotic syndrome in adults: diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician [online] 2009 Nov 15, 80(10):1129-34 [viewed 02 July 2017] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19904897
3. NISHI S, UBARA Y, UTSUNOMIYA Y, OKADA K, OBATA Y, KAI H, KIYOMOTO H, GOTO S, KONTA T, SASATOMI Y, SATO Y, NISHINO T, TSURUYA K, FURUICHI K, HOSHINO J, WATANABE Y, KIMURA K, MATSUO S. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for nephrotic syndrome 2014. Clin Exp Nephrol [online] 2016 Jun, 20(3):342-70 [viewed 02 July 2017] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27099136
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9. BERTSIAS G, IOANNIDIS JP, BOLETIS J, BOMBARDIERI S, CERVERA R, DOSTAL C, FONT J, GILBOE IM, HOUSSIAU F, HUIZINGA T, ISENBERG D, KALLENBERG CG, KHAMASHTA M, PIETTE JC, SCHNEIDER M, SMOLEN J, STURFELT G, TINCANI A, VAN VOLLENHOVEN R, GORDON C, BOUMPAS DT, TASK FORCE OF THE EULAR STANDING COMMITTEE FOR INTERNATIONAL CLINICAL STUDIES INCLUDING THERAPEUTICS.. EULAR recommendations for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus. Report of a Task Force of the EULAR Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics. Ann Rheum Dis [online] 2008 Feb, 67(2):195-205 [viewed 02 July 2017] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17504841
10. HAHN BH, MCMAHON MA, WILKINSON A, WALLACE WD, DAIKH DI, FITZGERALD JD, KARPOUZAS GA, MERRILL JT, WALLACE DJ, YAZDANY J, RAMSEY-GOLDMAN R, SINGH K, KHALIGHI M, CHOI SI, GOGIA M, KAFAJA S, KAMGAR M, LAU C, MARTIN WJ, PARIKH S, PENG J, RASTOGI A, CHEN W, GROSSMAN JM, AMERICAN COLLEGE OF RHEUMATOLOGY.. American College of Rheumatology guidelines for screening, treatment, and management of lupus nephritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) [online] 2012 Jun, 64(6):797-808 [viewed 02 July 2017] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22556106
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13. WIGLEY FM, FLAVAHAN NA. Raynaud's Phenomenon. N Engl J Med [online] 2016 Aug 11, 375(6):556-65 [viewed 06 July 2017] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27509103