Hope

Released on 22/12/2014

Key Learning Points

  • Azoospermia
  • Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill
  • Evaluation of Female Factors
  • Evaluation of Male Factors
  • In-vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Instructions on the collection of samples for SFA
  • Intercourse during the fertility window
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
  • Management of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Microscopic Tubal Ligation Reversal
  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS)
  • Subfertility and Infertility
  • The initial evaluation of infertility
  • ovulation induction therapy

References

1. CEREL-SUHL SL, YEAGER BF. Update on oral contraceptive pills. Am Fam Physician [online] 1999 Nov 1, 60(7):2073-84 [viewed 06 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10569509
2. SCHRAGER S, HOFFMANN S. Women's knowledge of commonly used contraceptive methods. WMJ [online] 2008 Nov, 107(7):327-30 [viewed 06 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19180871
3. PYMAR HC, CREININ MD. The risks of oral contraceptive pills. Semin Reprod Med [online] 2001 Dec, 19(4):305-12 [viewed 06 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1055/s-2001-18638
4. FREY KEITH A., PATEL KETAN S.. Initial Evaluation and Management of Infertility by the Primary Care Physician. Mayo Clinic Proceedings [online] 2004 November, 79(11):1439-1443 [viewed 06 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.4065/79.11.1439
5. GNOTH C.. Definition and prevalence of subfertility and infertility. Human Reproduction [online] 2005 January, 20(5):1144-1147 [viewed 06 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1093/humrep/deh870
6. BUDEV MM, ARROLIGA AC, FALCONE T. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Crit Care Med [online] 2005 Oct, 33(10 Suppl):S301-6 Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16215351
7. CHEN CD, WU MY, CHAO KH, LIEN YR, CHEN SU, YANG YS. Update on management of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol [online] 2011 Mar, 50(1):2-10 Available from: doi:10.1016/j.tjog.2011.01.014
8. GROSSMAN LC, MICHALAKIS KG, BROWNE H, PAYSON MD, SEGARS JH. The pathophysiology of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: an unrecognized compartment syndrome. Fertil Steril [online] 2010 Sep, 94(4):1392-8 Available from: doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2009.07.1662
9. DELVIGNE A, ROZENBERG S. Epidemiology and prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): a review. Hum Reprod Update [online] 2002 Nov-Dec, 8(6):559-77 Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12498425
10. ABOULGHAR MA, MANSOUR RT. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: classifications and critical analysis of preventive measures. Hum Reprod Update [online] 2003 May-Jun, 9(3):275-89 Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12859048
11. PAPANIKOLAOU EG, POZZOBON C, KOLIBIANAKIS EM, CAMUS M, TOURNAYE H, FATEMI HM, VAN STEIRTEGHEM A, DEVROEY P. Incidence and prediction of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in women undergoing gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist in vitro fertilization cycles. Fertil Steril [online] 2006 Jan, 85(1):112-20 Available from: doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.07.1292
12. ELLISON B, MELIKER J. Assessing the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in egg donation: implications for human embryonic stem cell research. Am J Bioeth [online] 2011 Sep, 11(9):22-30 Available from: doi:10.1080/15265161.2011.593683
13. SANSONE P, AURILIO C, PACE MC, ESPOSITO R, PASSAVANTI MB, POTA V, PACE L, PEZZULLO MG, BULLETTI C, PALAGIANO A. Intensive care treatment of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Ann N Y Acad Sci [online] 2011 Mar:109-18 Available from: doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.05983.x
14. AVECILLAS JF, FALCONE T, ARROLIGA AC. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Crit Care Clin [online] 2004 Oct, 20(4):679-95, ix Available from: doi:10.1016/j.ccc.2004.05.003 Diagnostic evaluation of the infertile female: a committee opinion. Fertility and Sterility [online] 2012 August, 98(2):302-307 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.05.032
15. Intrauterine insemination. Human Reproduction Update [online] 2009 January, 15(3):265-277 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1093/humupd/dmp003
16. VERHULST SM, COHLEN BJ, HUGHES E, TE VELDE E, HEINEMAN MJ. Intra-uterine insemination for unexplained subfertility. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [online] 2006 Oct 18:CD001838 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001838.pub3
17. MARCHETTI C, DEWAILLY D. [Intrauterine insemination: indications and methods]. Rev Prat [online] 2006 Mar 15, 56(5):500-6 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16729540
18. WANG J, SAUER MV. In vitro fertilization (IVF): a review of 3 decades of clinical innovation and technological advancement Ther Clin Risk Manag [online] 2006 Dec, 2(4):355-364 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1936357
19. WILCOX AJ, DUNSON D, BAIRD DD. The timing of the "fertile window" in the menstrual cycle: day specific estimates from a prospective study. BMJ [online] 2000 Nov 18, 321(7271):1259-62 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11082086
20. LOUIS GM, LUM KJ, SUNDARAM R, CHEN Z, KIM S, LYNCH CD, SCHISTERMAN EF, PYPER C. Stress reduces conception probabilities across the fertile window: evidence in support of relaxation. Fertil Steril [online] 2011 Jun, 95(7):2184-9 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.06.078
21. SCHLEGEL PN. Causes of azoospermia and their management. Reprod Fertil Dev [online] 2004, 16(5):561-72 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.10371/RD03087
22. GUDELOGLU A, PAREKATTIL SJ. Update in the evaluation of the azoospermic male. Clinics [online] 2013 March, 68(S1):27-34 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.6061/clinics/2013(Sup01)04
23. MALE INFERTILITY BEST PRACTICE POLICY COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN UROLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, PRACTICE COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE. Report on evaluation of the azoospermic male. Fertil Steril [online] 2006 Nov, 86(5 Suppl 1):S210-5 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.08.030
24. ZHANG X, ZHAN B, WANG L. [Aspermia of epididymal blockage treated with epididymal tubule vasostomy]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi [online] 1996 Oct, 34(10):623-5 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9590741
25. ZORN B, VIRANT-KLUN I, STANOVNIK M, DROBNIC S, MEDEN-VRTOVEC H. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection by testicular sperm in patients with aspermia or azoospermia after cancer treatment. Int J Androl [online] 2006 Oct, 29(5):521-7 [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2006.00684.x
26. PANIDIS D, TZIOMALOS K, PAPADAKIS E, KANDARAKI EA, KATSIKIS I. The guidelines issued by the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine regarding the induction of ovulation with metformin in patients with the polycystic ovary syndrome potentially require reconsideration. Hormones (Athens) [online] 2013 Apr-Jun, 12(2):192-200 [viewed 10 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23933688
27. QUAAS A, DOKRAS A. Diagnosis and Treatment of Unexplained Infertility Rev Obstet Gynecol [online] 2008, 1(2):69-76 [viewed 10 October 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2505167
28. PALOMBA S, FALBO A, ZULLO F. Management strategies for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and known clomifene citrate resistance. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol [online] 2009 Dec, 21(6):465-73 [viewed 10 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1097/GCO.0b013e328332d188
29. KAFY S, TULANDI T. New advances in ovulation induction. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol [online] 2007 Jun, 19(3):248-52 [viewed 10 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1097/GCO.0b013e3280c60c9a
30. George K, Kamath MS, Tharyan P. Minimally invasive versus open surgery for reversal of tubal sterilization. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD009174. [online] December [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009174.pub2
31. JAYAKRISHNAN K, BAHETI SUMEETN. Laparoscopic tubal sterilization reversal and fertility outcomes. J Hum Reprod Sci [online] 2011 December [viewed 09 October 2014] Available from: doi:10.4103/0974-1208.92286
32. WHO laboratory manual for the Examination and processing of human semen, Fifth Edition