Released on 08/03/2017

Key Learning Points

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • Epworth Sleepiness Scale
  • Management of OSA
  • Mandibular Advancement Splint
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Polysomnography
  • STOP-BANG questionnaire
  • Sleep hygiene


1. SILVA GE, VANA KD, GOODWIN JL, SHERRILL DL, QUAN SF. Identification of Patients with Sleep Disordered Breathing: Comparing the Four-Variable Screening Tool, STOP, STOP-Bang, and Epworth Sleepiness Scales J Clin Sleep Med [online] 2011 Oct 15, 7(5):467-472 [viewed 08 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3190845
2. MANNARINO MR, DI FILIPPO F, PIRRO M. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Eur J Intern Med [online] 2012 Oct, 23(7):586-93 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22939801
3. PAHWA P, KARUNANAYAKE C, HAGEL L, GJEVRE J, RENNIE D, LAWSON J, DOSMAN J. Prevalence of high Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores in a rural population Can Respir J [online] 2012 Mar-Apr, 19(2):e10-e14 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3373290
4. CHUNG F, SUBRAMANYAM R, LIAO P, SASAKI E, SHAPIRO C, SUN Y. High STOP-Bang score indicates a high probability of obstructive sleep apnoea Br J Anaesth [online] 2012 Mar 8, 108(5):768-775 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3325050
5. JORDAN AS, MCSHARRY DG, MALHOTRA A. Adult obstructive sleep apnoea Lancet [online] 2013 Aug 2, 383(9918):736-747 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3909558
6. SHRIVASTAVA D, JUNG S, SAADAT M, SIROHI R, CREWSON K. How to interpret the results of a sleep study J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect [online] 2014 Nov 25, 4(5):10.3402/jchimp.v4.24983 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4246141
7. FERRé Á, SAMPOL G, JURADO MJ, CAMBRODI R, LLOBERES P, ROMERO O. Neurophysiological Two-Channel Polysomnographic Device in the Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea J Clin Sleep Med [online] 2012 Apr 15, 8(2):163-168 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3311413
8. MCDAID C, GRIFFIN S, WEATHERLY H, DURéE K, VAN DER BURGT M, VAN HOUT S, AKERS J, DAVIES RJ, SCULPHER M, WESTWOOD M. Continuous positive airway pressure devices for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome: a systematic review and economic analysis. Health Technol Assess [online] 2009 Jan, 13(4):iii-iv, xi-xiv, 1-119, 143-274 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19103134
9. WEAVER TE, SAWYER AM. Adherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Implications for Future Interventions Indian J Med Res [online] 2010 Feb:245-258 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2972705
10. BRICK CA, SEELY DL, PALERMO TM. Association Between Sleep Hygiene and Sleep Quality in Medical Students Behav Sleep Med [online] 2010, 8(2):113-121 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3572193
11. IRISH LA, KLINE CE, GUNN HE, BUYSSE DJ, HALL MH. The Role of Sleep Hygiene in Promoting Public Health: A Review of Empirical Evidence Sleep Med Rev [online] 2014 Oct 16:23-36 [viewed 10 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4400203
12. GARG H. Mutifaceted care of OSA: The role of mandibular advancement splints Lung India [online] 2015 Mar-Apr, 32(2):182-183 [viewed 25 October 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4372878