Hidden

Released on 21/06/2017

Key Learning Points

  • Basophilic stippling
  • Chronic abdominal pain in children
  • Clinical symptoms of chronic lead toxicity
  • Common causes of lead toxicity in children
  • Diagnosis of chronic lead toxicity
  • Evaluation of chronic abdominal pain in children
  • Functional causes of pediatric abdominal pain
  • G6PD deficiency
  • Howell-Jolly bodies
  • Management of chronic lead toxicity
  • Organic causes of pediatric abdominal pain
  • Pediatric anemia

References

1. AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS SUBCOMMITTEE ON CHRONIC ABDOMINAL PAIN. Chronic abdominal pain in children. Pediatrics [online] 2005 Mar, 115(3):812-5 [viewed 01 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15741394
2. KORTERINK JJ, DIEDEREN K, BENNINGA MA, TABBERS MM. Epidemiology of pediatric functional abdominal pain disorders: a meta-analysis. PLoS One [online] 2015, 10(5):e0126982 [viewed 01 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25992621
3. THAKKAR K, CHEN L, TESSIER ME, GILGER MA. Outcomes of Children After Esophagogastroduodenoscopy for Chronic Abdominal Pain Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol [online] 2013 Sep 7, 12(6):963-969 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4412350
4. GRAY L. Chronic abdominal pain in children. Aust Fam Physician [online] 2008 Jun, 37(6):398-400 [viewed 01 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18523690
5. JANUS J, MOERSCHEL SK. Evaluation of anemia in children. Am Fam Physician [online] 2010 Jun 15, 81(12):1462-71 [viewed 01 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20540485
6. BUTT Z, ASHFAQ U, SHERAZI SF, JAN NU, SHAHBAZ U. Diagnostic accuracy of "pallor" for detecting mild and severe anaemia in hospitalized patients. J Pak Med Assoc [online] 2010 Sep, 60(9):762-5 [viewed 01 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21381587
7. RASQUIN-WEBER A, HYMAN P, CUCCHIARA S, FLEISHER D, HYAMS J, MILLA P, STAIANO A. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders Gut [online] 1999 Sep, 45(Suppl 2):II60-II68 [viewed 08 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1766693
8. PLUNKETT A, BEATTIE RM. Recurrent abdominal pain in childhood J R Soc Med [online] 2005 Mar, 98(3):101-106 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1079409
9. MOTAMED F, MOHSENIPOUR R, SEIFIRAD S, YUSEFI A, FARAHMAND F, KHODADAD A, FALAHI G, NAJAFI M. Red Flags of Organic Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children: Study on 100 Subjects Iran J Pediatr [online] 2012 Dec, 22(4):457-462 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3533144
10. KIM HC, JANG TW, CHAE HJ, CHOI WJ, HA MN, YE BJ, KIM BG, JEON MJ, KIM SY, HONG YS. Evaluation and management of lead exposure Ann Occup Environ Med [online] 2015 Dec 15:30 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4681084
11. DI LORENZO C, COLLETTI RB, LEHMANN HP, BOYLE JT, GERSON WT, HYAMS JS, SQUIRES RH JR, WALKER LS, KANDA PT, AAP SUBCOMMITTEE, NASPGHAN COMMITTEE ON CHRONIC ABDOMINAL PAIN. Chronic Abdominal Pain In Children: a Technical Report of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr [online] 2005 Mar, 40(3):249-61 [viewed 04 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15735476
12. MOAWAD EM, BADAWY NM, MANAWILL M. Environmental and Occupational Lead Exposure Among Children in Cairo, Egypt: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study Medicine (Baltimore) [online] 2016 Mar 7, 95(9):e2976 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4782899
13. ISAAC I, MAINASARA A, ERHABOR O, OMOJUYIGBE S, DALLATU M, BILBIS L, ADIAS T. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency among children attending the Emergency Paediatric Unit of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria. Int J Gen Med [online] 2013:557-62 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23874116
14. BEUTLER E. G6PD deficiency. Blood [online] 1994 Dec 1, 84(11):3613-36 [viewed 02 August 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7949118