Encysted

Released on 09/11/2016

Key Learning Points

  • Albendazole or mebendazole post-PAIR
  • Casoni Intradermal Test
  • Chemotherapy
  • Differential diagnosis of a liver cyst
  • Hydatid disease (cystic echinococcosis)
  • Infection with Echinococcus granulosus
  • Management of an anaphylactic reaction
  • Medical treatment for hydatid disease
  • Percutaneous treatment
  • Preoperative preparation before PAIR
  • Role of FNA in the diagnosis of hydatid disease
  • Role of serological tests in the diagnosis of cystic echinococcosis
  • Ultrasound classification of echinococcal cysts

References

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2. SAENZ-SANTAMARIA J, MORENO-CASADO J, NUñEZ C. Role of fine-needle biopsy in the diagnosis of hydatid cyst. Diagn Cytopathol [online] 1995 Oct, 13(3):229-32 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8575282
3. FILIPPOU D, TSELEPIS D, FILIPPOU G, PAPADOPOULOS V. Advances in liver echinococcosis: diagnosis and treatment. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol [online] 2007 Feb, 5(2):152-9 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17157079
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5. WHO INFORMAL WORKING GROUP. International classification of ultrasound images in cystic echinococcosis for application in clinical and field epidemiological settings. Acta Trop [online] 2003 Feb, 85(2):253-61 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12606104
6. MARRONE G, CRINO' F, CARUSO S, MAMONE G, CAROLLO V, MILAZZO M, GRUTTADAURIA S, LUCA A, GRIDELLI B. Multidisciplinary imaging of liver hydatidosis World J Gastroenterol [online] 2012 Apr 7, 18(13):1438-1447 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3319939
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8. KABAALIOğLU A, CEKEN K, ALIMOGLU E, APAYDIN A. Percutaneous imaging-guided treatment of hydatid liver cysts: do long-term results make it a first choice? Eur J Radiol [online] 2006 Jul, 59(1):65-73 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16513311
9. EZER A, NURSAL TZ, MORAY G, YILDIRIM S, KARAKAYALI F, NOYAN T, HABERAL M. Surgical treatment of liver hydatid cysts HPB (Oxford) [online] 2006, 8(1):38-42 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2131364
10. NEUMAYR A, TROIA G, DE BERNARDIS C, TAMAROZZI F, GOBLIRSCH S, PICCOLI L, HATZ C, FILICE C, BRUNETTI E. Justified Concern or Exaggerated Fear: The Risk of Anaphylaxis in Percutaneous Treatment of Cystic Echinococcosis—A Systematic Literature Review PLoS Negl Trop Dis [online] 2011 Jun 14, 5(6):e1154 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3114754
11. SHAMS-UL-BARI, ARIF SH, MALIK AA, KHAJA AR, DASS TA, NAIKOO ZA. Role of Albendazole in the Management of Hydatid Cyst Liver Saudi J Gastroenterol [online] 2011 Sep-Oct, 17(5):343-347 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3178923
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13. ERZURUMLU K, HöKELEK M, GöNLüSEN L, TAS K, AMANVERMEZ R. The effect of albendazole on the prevention of secondary hydatidosis. Hepatogastroenterology [online] 2000 Jan-Feb, 47(31):247-50 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10690616
14. ALVELA-SUáREZ L, VELASCO-TIRADO V, BELHASSEN-GARCIA M, NOVO-VELEIRO I, PARDO-LLEDíAS J, ROMERO-ALEGRíA A, PéREZ DEL VILLAR L, VALVERDE-MERINO MP, CORDERO-SáNCHEZ M. Safety of the Combined Use of Praziquantel and Albendazole in the Treatment of Human Hydatid Disease Am J Trop Med Hyg [online] 2014 May 7, 90(5):819-822 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4015571
15. YASAWY MI, AL KARAWI MA, MOHAMED AR. Combination of praziquantel and albendazole in the treatment of hydatid disease. Trop Med Parasitol [online] 1993 Sep, 44(3):192-4 [viewed 12 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8256095
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17. GONLUGUR U, OZCELIK S, GONLUGUR TE, CELIKSOZ A. The role of Casoni's skin test and indirect haemagglutination test in the diagnosis of hydatid disease. Parasitol Res [online] 2005 Nov, 97(5):395-8 [viewed 16 September 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16151737