Chronic

Released on 17/03/2016

Key Learning Points

  • Acute exacerbation of COPD
  • Asthma vs. COPD
  • Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Good inhaler technique
  • Oxygen therapy in COPD
  • Use of inhalers in COPD

References

1. RYCROFT CE, HEYES A, LANZA L, BECKER K. Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a literature review Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis [online] 2012/01/01 00:00:457-494 [viewed 30 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.2147/COPD.S32330
2. MARK B. STEPHENS, CDR, MC, USN, KENNETH S. YEW, CAPT, MC, USN. Diagnosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Am Fam Physician. 2008 Jul 1;78(1):87-92. [viewed 30 January 2016] Available from: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p87.html
3. HARADA T, YAMASAKI A, FUKUSHIMA T, HASHIMOTO K, TAKATA M, KODANI M, OKAZAKI R, TAKEDA K, WATANABE M, KURAI J, SHIMIZU E. Causes of death in patients with asthma and asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis [online] 2015:595-602 [viewed 30 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.2147/COPD.S77491
4. HOBART LEE, MD; JEFFREY KIM, MD; and KARINE TAGMAZYAN, MD. Treatment of Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: the GOLD Guidelines. Am Fam Physician. 2013 Nov 15;88(10):655-663. [viewed 30 January 2016] Available from: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p655.html
5. SHAUNTA' M. RAY, PharmD, BCPS, and AMY R. BARGER STEVENS, MD. Am Fam Physician. 2013 Nov 15;88(10):650-652. Choosing the Right Inhaled Medication Device for COPD. [viewed 30 January 2016] Available from: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p650.html
6. ANN E. EVENSEN. Management of COPD Exacerbations. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Mar 1;81(5):607-613.[viewed 30 January 2016] Available from: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p607.html
7. Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention, Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2015. Available from: http://www.ginasthma.org/
8. Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of COPD, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2016. Available from: http://www.goldcopd.org/