Shocked

Released on 29/10/2016

Key Learning Points

  • FAST Scan
  • Grading of Hypovolemic shock
  • Imaging modalities in blunt abdominal trauma
  • Postoperative ileus
  • Types of Splenic injury
  • When to perform a splenectomy

References

1. KOOL DR, BLICKMAN JG. Advanced Trauma Life Support®. ABCDE from a radiological point of view Emerg Radiol [online] 2007/07/01 00:00, 14(3):135-141 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1007/s10140-007-0633-x
2. BONANNO FG. Hemorrhagic shock: The "physiology approach" J Emerg Trauma Shock [online] 2012/01/01 00:00, 5(4):285-295 [viewed 14 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.4103/0974-2700.102357
3. GUTIERREZ G, REINES HD, WULF-GUTIERREZ ME. Clinical review: Hemorrhagic shock Crit Care [online] 2004/01/01 00:00, 8(5):373-381 [viewed 14 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1186/cc2851
4. JANSEN JO, YULE SR, LOUDON MA. Investigation of blunt abdominal trauma BMJ [online] 2008/04/26 00:00, 336(7650):938-942 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.1136/bmj.39534.686192.80
5. TSUI CL, FUNG HT, CHUNG KL, KAM CW. Focused abdominal sonography for trauma in the emergency department for blunt abdominal trauma. Int J Emerg Med [online] 2008 Sep, 1(3):183-7 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.1007/s12245-008-0050-2
6. MYERS J. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST): the truth about ultrasound in blunt trauma. J Trauma [online] 2007 Jun, 62(6 Suppl):S28 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e3180654052
7. MYERS J. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST): the truth about ultrasound in blunt trauma. J Trauma [online] 2007 Jun, 62(6 Suppl):S28 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e3180654052
8. FLEMING S, BIRD R, RATNASINGHAM K, SARKER SJ, WALSH M, PATEL B. Accuracy of FAST scan in blunt abdominal trauma in a major London trauma centre. Int J Surg [online] 2012, 10(9):470-4 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2012.05.011
9. BEURAN M, GHEJU I, VENTER M, MARIAN R, SMARANDACHE R. Non-operative management of splenic trauma J Med Life [online] 2012/02/22 00:00, 5(1):47-58 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3307080
10. SINHA S, RAJA S, LEWIS M. Recent Changes in the Management of Blunt Splenic Injury: Effect on Splenic Trauma Patients and Hospital Implications Ann R Coll Surg Engl [online] 2008/03/01 00:00, 90(2):109-112 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: doi:10.1308/003588408X242033
11. BEURAN M, GHEJU I, VENTER M, MARIAN R, SMARANDACHE R. Non-operative management of splenic trauma J Med Life [online] 2012/02/22 00:00, 5(1):47-58 [viewed 14 February 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3307080
12. SINHA S, RAJA SVV, LEWIS MH. Recent Changes in the Management of Blunt Splenic Injury: Effect on Splenic Trauma Patients and Hospital Implications. annals [online] 2008 March, 90(2):109-112 [viewed 14 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1308/003588408X242033
13. FELICIANO DV, SPJUT-PATRINELY V, BURCH JM, MATTOX KL, BITONDO CG, CRUSE-MARTOCCI P, JORDAN GL JR. Splenorrhaphy. The alternative. Ann Surg [online] 1990/05/01 00:00, 211(5):569-582 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1358226
14. FELICIANO DV, BITONDO CG, MATTOX KL, RUMISEK JD, BURCH JM, JORDAN GL JR. A four-year experience with splenectomy versus splenorrhaphy. Ann Surg [online] 1985 May, 201(5):568-75 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3888130
15. BEURAN M, GHEJU I, VENTER M, MARIAN R, SMARANDACHE R. Non-operative management of splenic trauma J Med Life [online] 2012/02/22 00:00, 5(1):47-58 [viewed 14 February 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3307080
16. LUBAWSKI J, SACLARIDES T. Postoperative ileus: strategies for reduction Ther Clin Risk Manag [online] 2008/10/01 00:00, 4(5):913-917 [viewed 18 January 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2621410