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Released on 01/05/2017

Key Learning Points

  • AVN of the femoral head: etiology
  • AVN of the femoral head: management
  • AVN of the femoral head: overview
  • FADIR and FABER tests
  • Log roll test
  • The ARCO classification
  • The Ficat classification
  • The Steinberg classification
  • The coxalgic gait
  • The straight leg raise test

References

1. SEN RK. Management of avascular necrosis of femoral head at pre-collapse stage Indian J Orthop [online] 2009 Jan-Mar, 43(1):6-16 [viewed 04 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2739499
2. TRIPATHY SK, GOYAL T, SEN RK. Management of femoral head osteonecrosis: Current concepts Indian J Orthop [online] 2015 Jan-Feb, 49(1):28-45 [viewed 04 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4292325
3. PIERCE TP, JAUREGUI JJ, CHERIAN JJ, ELMALLAH RK, MONT MA. Imaging evaluation of patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med [online] 2015 Jun 5, 8(3):221-227 [viewed 04 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4596197
4. SCHMITT-SODY M, KIRCHHOFF C, MAYER W, GOEBEL M, JANSSON V. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: inter- and intraobserver variations of Ficat and ARCO classifications Int Orthop [online] 2007 Mar 30, 32(3):283-287 [viewed 05 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323428
5. PAZDERSKA A, CROWTHER S, GOVENDER P, CONLON KC, SHERLOCK M, GIBNEY J. Spontaneous resolution of avascular necrosis of femoral heads following cure of Cushing's syndrome Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep [online] 2016 May 1:160015 [viewed 05 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4870498
6. BYRD JW. Evaluation of the Hip: History and Physical Examination N Am J Sports Phys Ther [online] 2007 Nov, 2(4):231-240 [viewed 10 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2953301
7. JAWAD MU, HALEEM AA, SCULLY SP. In Brief: Ficat Classification: Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head Clin Orthop Relat Res [online] 2012 Jul 4, 470(9):2636-2639 [viewed 10 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3830078
8. KAUSHIK AP, DAS A, CUI Q. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head: An update in year 2012 World J Orthop [online] 2012 May 18, 3(5):49-57 [viewed 10 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3364317
9. BOSE VC, BARUAH BD. Resurfacing arthroplasty of the hip for avascular necrosis of the femoral head: a minimum follow-up of four years. J Bone Joint Surg Br [online] 2010 Jul, 92(7):922-8 [viewed 10 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20595108
10. HAMILTON TW, GOODMAN SM, FIGGIE M. SAS Weekly Rounds: Avascular Necrosis HSS J [online] 2009 Mar 18, 5(2):99-113 [viewed 10 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2744745