Calculated

Released on 27/06/2014

Key Learning Points

  • Biliary leaks
  • Difficult cholecystectomies
  • Is sphincterotomy required?
  • Ultrasound findings in Acute Cholecystitis

References

1. KIEWIET JJ, LEEUWENBURGH MM, BIPAT S, BOSSUYT PM, STOKER J, BOERMEESTER MA. A systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic performance of imaging in acute cholecystitis. Radiology [online] 2012 Sep, 264(3):708-20 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1148/radiol.12111561 2. PARK MS, YU JS, KIM YH, KIM MJ, KIM JH, LEE S, CHO N, KIM DG, KIM KW. Acute cholecystitis: comparison of MR cholangiography and US. Radiology [online] 1998 Dec, 209(3):781-5 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1148/radiology.209.3.9844674 3. HANBIDGE AE, BUCKLER PM, O'MALLEY ME, WILSON SR. From the RSNA refresher courses: imaging evaluation for acute pain in the right upper quadrant. Radiographics [online] 2004 Jul-Aug, 24(4):1117-35 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1148/rg.244035149 4. HARVEY RT, MILLER WT JR. Acute biliary disease: initial CT and follow-up US versus initial US and follow-up CT. Radiology [online] 1999 Dec, 213(3):831-6 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1148/radiology.213.3.r99dc17831 5. BERGMAN JJ, VAN DEN BRINK GR, RAUWS EA, DE WIT L, OBERTOP H, HUIBREGTSE K, TYTGAT GN, GOUMA DJ. Treatment of bile duct lesions after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gut [online] 1996 Jan, 38(1):141-7 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8566842 6. MERCADO MA, DOMíNGUEZ I. Classification and management of bile duct injuries World J Gastrointest Surg [online] 2011 Apr 27, 3(4):43-48 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.4240/wjgs.v3.i4.43 7. ZHOU PH, LIU FL, YAO LQ, QIN XY. Endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of post-cholecystectomy syndrome. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int [online] 2003 Feb, 2(1):117-20 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14607662 8. PHILLIPS MR, JOSEPH M, DELLON ES, GRIMM I, FARRELL TM, RUPP CC. Surgical and Endoscopic Management of Remnant Cystic Duct Lithiasis After Cholecystectomy-a Case Series. J Gastrointest Surg [online] 2014 Jul, 18(7):1278-83 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1007/s11605-014-2530-4 9. KIM GH, LEE HD, KIM M, KIM K, JEONG Y, HONG YJ, KANG ES, HAN JH, CHOI JW, PARK SM. Fate of dyspeptic or colonic symptoms after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. J Neurogastroenterol Motil [online] 2014 Apr 30, 20(2):253-60 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.5056/jnm.2014.20.2.253 10. PINKAS H, BRADY PG. Biliary leaks after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: time to stent or time to drain. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int [online] 2008 Dec, 7(6):628-32 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19073409 11. AHMAD F, SAUNDERS RN, LLOYD GM, LLOYD DM, ROBERTSON GS. An algorithm for the management of bile leak following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Ann R Coll Surg Engl [online] 2007 Jan, 89(1):51-6 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1308/003588407X160864 12. HENNEMAN D, DA COSTA DW, VROUENRAETS BC, VAN WAGENSVELD BA, LAGARDE SM. Laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy for the difficult gallbladder: a systematic review. Surg Endosc [online] 2013 Feb, 27(2):351-8 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: doi:10.1007/s00464-012-2458-2 13. SHARP CF, GARZA RZ, MANGRAM AJ, DUNN EL. Partial cholecystectomy in the setting of severe inflammation is an acceptable consideration with few long-term sequelae. Am Surg [online] 2009 Mar, 75(3):249-52 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19350862 14. CAKMAK A, GENç V, OROZAKUNOV E, KEPENEKçI I, CETINKAYA OA, HAZINEDAROğLU MS. Partial cholecystectomy is a safe and efficient method. Chirurgia (Bucur) [online] 2009 Nov-Dec, 104(6):701-4 [viewed 16 June 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20187468